” Scaling up Local climate change adaptation and mitigation efforts“project came to an end
Small farmers in Siltie are continuously challenged by climate change impacts and their ability to endure these negative changes is constrained by lack of climate knowledge, infrastructures, inadequate institutional and financial capacity, population pressure and low adaptive capacity.
This project that has successfully completed its 30 month period, addressed climate change and the available adaptation and mitigation options to encourage farmers in Siltie to adapt to change and to build sustainable environment. It was financed and technically supported by European Union.
At the outset a Base line study was conducted that identified problems on environment and captured lessons on best practices on the adaption and mitigation strategies suited for the target districts. The study also gave recommendation to stakeholders for the purpose of influencing policy. Subsequently, the dissemination of the study workshop increased awareness about general climate change; and introduced context specific adaptation and mitigation strategies believed to be appropriate for scaling up in the target districts. It also helped to analyze some issues that need considerations as local policy issue.
Next based on the survey results 100 model farmers were trained at Alage Agricultural Technical Vocational Education Training College (AATVETC) on farmers to farmers approach and through this approach to withstand challenges of environment in the surrounding. The model farmers in association with DAs and others continued the Farmers to Farmers extension work in ten kebeles of the target areas.
The model farmers throughout the project period transferred knowledge and skills to well over 4200 farmers of whom were females on soil conservation, watershed management, fodder preparation fattening, behaving, terraces and contour, environment protection. As a result farmers brought various behavioral changes to the extent they were able to challenge their unhelpful farm cultures, restricting themselves from risk causing situations. They also participated on environmental protection works. Model farmers widely worked with DAs, water shade management committee, environment committee and cabinet members and enabled the climate vulnerable group to actively participate in the protection of their environment and soil degradation. Thanks to the support of European Union Civil society fund II Siltie farmers in the intervention areas are practicing agricultural methods as related to protecting biodiversity, seeds and rehabilitating degraded land that compliments the environment and is more resilient to the impact of climate change
Dialogues on Implementation of Policies and Program aimed at Mitigation and Adaptation to climate change conducted in five districts of the target area created interest for improved planning and policies in land management. The local government put efforts to adopt integrated polices and approaches in addressing Climate change and to mainstream land management into their programs and activities. The Earth Day Campaigns in which many people had participated in the five target districts created awareness about climate change, the protection method of environment degradation and deforestation. Target farmers are increasingly aware of the huge risk to food security, livelihood and their health hazardous due to impact of climate change and their role to reduce the effect.
Thus significant progress was made towards achieving the build of resilience of vulnerable communities and farmers and improvement of food security in Siltie zone of SNNPR. Nevertheless the poorest families, the landless and female headed households are among those who need support. ADV is happy with the successful completion of the project and appreciates the European Union technical and financial support for this to happen. ADV is currently looking for additional support from Donors to continue serving poor farmers in its operational areas.
The early childhood development program
A specific early childhood component to ADV began in 1998. ADV recognized that early childhood development is an important component in our disability intervention program. This is because delayed children development can be helped better at this crucial stage. By creating, an environment where disabled and non-disabled children can play, learn, and grow together , thought that right attitude could be inculcated in the minds of the children. In addition to this, it designed to demonstrate to the community members what could be possible done in the education of children with special needs. The better the children are prepared today the brighter the future of society.
So far, the program achieved much, in spite of the difficulties. Some notable examples of an impact are increased awareness levels of the value of ECD, high interest of children and their parents in the various activities of the ECD. One of the lessons we have learned is that ECD integrated with community based rehabilitation program can successfully reach children with disability and without disability and address their educational needs. The other lesson is that parents if encouraged and guided correctly despite their level of education can contribute to the richness of children learning. The passivity we find in many parents can be gradually eroded if we can build their self-confidence. Still the other lesson is that facilitator’s who undergone through community- based rehabilitation programs can best handle children with disabilities and non-disabled children and to better relate the program with parents.
Small hold farmers in Siltie are continuously challenged by climate change impacts and their ability to endure these negative changes is constrained by lack of climate knowledge, infrastructures, inadequate institutional and financial capacity, population pressure and low adaptive capacity. Without good agricultural practice farmers cannot be effective in sustaining the environment.
ADV Development Vision(ADV) in partnership with Siltie Development Association(SDA) and Alage Agricultural Technical Vocational Education Training College(AATVETC) and with the support of European union Civil Society fund II is promoting a lead farmer approach that trains farmers to adapt to climate change and mitigate its consequences and that they are then able to share the skills and the knowledge they have acquired to their communities. Haji komicho a 56 years old living in Menzo seyato community, Sankura district Siltie zone was selected to the program by the climate advisory committee based on his previous farming skill, knowledge of the area, his leadership skills , positive attitude to teach other farmers and dispositions to learn and try new things.
Haji komicho received training from Alage College on soil, and water conservation, management of different crops, forest and agro forestry and different types of diseases and pests, compost preparation, management of bee keeping , small and big ruminants.(sheep, goat and cattle)
Haji komicho teaches other farmers using owns land for demonstrations. He at least reaches 20 farmers in 3 months time. He also periodically visits his fellow farmers at their places and encourages them to look after plants, trees, animals and protect the soil from erosion. Currently he has got 11 female and 9 male farmers under his guidance. Haji komicho is helping his community by encouraging his fellow farmers better able to adjust to climates change and variability / moderating potential damage and helping them cope with adverse consequences. He is very proud of his contribution to his community.
Haji komicho applies good agriculture practice on his field by:
- Planting cereal crops(maize, wheat, )on line and uses inter cropping methods
- Harvesting water by digging pond which is 8m*8m
- Planting 100 fruit crops (avocado ,papaya, mango)by micro basin strategy
- Planting elephant and & dinsho & grass for soil conservation purpose and cattle feed
- plants forest seedlings by drip irrigation system(highland plastic technology)
- Fattening and growing cattle (sheep and goat).
Addis Development Vision together with (Siltie Development Association(SDA) and Alage Agricultural Technical Vocational Education Training College(AVETC) received funding in amount of € 212,500.00 from European Union to scale up local climate adaptation and mitigation efforts in Siltie Zone of SNNP regional state .
The overall objective of the project is addressing climate to improve environmental sustainability. Environmental degradations are undermining development, threaten future development efforts, and affects human well-being in Ethiopia. Non- sustainable use of natural resources, including land, water, forests is threatening individual farmer’s livelihoods, as well as local, national and international economies. Addressing current environmental challenges in Local and National development agendas is critical to ensure a secure society well into the future.. The specific objective of the project is the build of resilience of vulnerable communities and farmers and improves food security in Siltie zone of SNNPR.
The main activities include:
1. Increasing Comprehensive knowledge on climate change
-Situational analysis of the five districts for the best practice to be adapted or scaled up
-Study on the adaption & mitigation strategies in the target districts / Belate basin with focus on local best practices
-Regular climate sensitization programs, debates on environment issues
-Community empowerment to communicate community views & influence polices to sustainable environment
-Capacity building to impart knowledge & skills targeting farmers especially women farmers and extension services
2. Demonstrating & facilitating the scale up of identified successful climate adaptation & mitigation practices
-Sharing of best practices through community participation including engagement of civil society& the academic
-Demonstration & scaling up of successful climate adaptations & mitigation strategies in target districts
-Documentation of adaptation and mitigation strategies and practices to expand knowledge base
The total time planned for the execution of the project is 30 months.